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Prophecy:

The Last Week of Daniel -

Part 1 - Peace, Peace...

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

Peace, Peace…

The Doomsday Clock

Time changes in the last generation 1947-2010

The Wise men of the World…

The Birds that will eat the Flesh of all men…

YHWH’s Punishment of the Nations and Israel

Zechariah’s Vision

Nuclear Bomb characteristics

Modern Nuclear Bombs compared to Hiroshima

Blast Winds

Electromagnetic pulse

Ionizing radiation

Earthquake

Modern Nuclear Weapons

Principles of radiation protection

The Nuclear Bomb

United States Weapons Arsenals

Designation System

List of Weapons

 

 

The Last Week of Daniel...

Posted on 22 January, 2010 by "the witness"

Part 1

Peace, Peace - Where there is no peace

3 When people are saying:

" All is well and secure ", and, " There is peace and safety ",

then in a moment unforeseen destruction,

ruin and death will come upon them as suddenly as labour pains come upon a woman with child;

and they shall by no means escape,

for there will be no escape.

(1Th 5:3 Ampl)

On the 22nd of April 2002, the Lord called me by His Spirit within, to come to the outside of my house, for He wanted to speak to me: I sensed that God wanted to reveal to me more details on the events of those things, which He had been revealing to us. As I came outside of my house, signs appeared to me in the heavens. I saw a sign of something like a minesweeper, appear in the heavens. God confirmed that what I had been seeing in the heavens was correct, by opening up my spiritual ear to hear the sound of the minesweeper, detecting landmines or bombs, representing a search for nuclear weapons in the eastern nations of Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, India, China and Korea. After this sign another sign appeared in the heavens. I saw a sign of a large hand break appear in the heavens, representing the seizing of the manufacture of weapons of mass destruction. This would mark the beginning of the 7 year period of peace in the world, as was prophesied by the prophet Ezekiel, saying: And he shall enter into a strong and firm covenant with the many for one week or seven years. And in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and offering to cease for the remaining three and one-half years; and upon the wing or pinnacle of abominations shall come one who makes desolate, until the full determined end is poured out on the desolator. (Dan 9:27 Ampl) According to the word of the Lord to the prophet Daniel, at the time of the end, will a firm covenant or a treaty be made with many. The Lord of All the earth, who told Daniel these, words by the mouth His angle, showed that this covenant is a treaty for the searching and the seizing or putting the hand break on the manufacture of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction.

 

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, also Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT or NNPT) is a treaty to limit the spread (proliferation) of nuclear weapons, opened for signature on July 1, 1968. There are currently 189 countries party to the treaty, five of which have nuclear weapons: the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, and China (also the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council).

Only four recognized sovereign states are not parties to the treaty: India, Israel, Pakistan and North Korea. India, Pakistan and North Korea have openly tested and declared that they possess nuclear weapons. Israel has had a policy of opacity regarding its own nuclear weapons program. North Korea acceded to the treaty, violated it, and withdrew from it in 2003. The treaty was proposed by Ireland and Finland and they were the first to sign.

The NPT consists of a preamble and eleven articles. Although the concept of "pillars" appears nowhere in the NPT, the treaty is nevertheless sometimes interpreted as a three pillar system, with an implicit balance among them: non-proliferation, disarmament, and the right to peacefully use nuclear technology. [1]

Five states are recognized by the NPT as nuclear weapon states (NWS): China (signed 1992), France (1992), the Soviet Union (1968; obligations and rights now assumed by the Russian Federation), the United Kingdom (1968), and the United States (1968) (The U.S., UK, and Soviet Union were the only states openly possessing such weapons among the original ratifiers of the treaty, which entered into force in 1970). These five nations are also the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. These five NWS agree not to transfer "nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices" and "not in any way to assist, encourage, or induce" a non-nuclear weapon state (NNWS) to acquire nuclear weapons.

The five NWS parties have made undertakings not to use their nuclear weapons against a non-NWS party except in response to a nuclear attack, or a conventional attack in alliance with a Nuclear Weapons State. However, these undertakings have not been incorporated formally into the treaty, and the exact details have varied over time. The U.S.also had nuclear warheads targeted at North Korea, a non-NWS state, from 1959 until 1991. The previous United Kingdom Secretary of State for Defense, Geoff Hoon, has also explicitly invoked the possibility of the use of the country's nuclear weapons in response to a non-conventional attack by "rogue states" [5]. In January 2006, President Jacques Chirac of France indicated that an incident of state-sponsored terrorism on Francecould trigger a small-scale nuclear retaliation aimed at destroying the "rogue state's" power centres. [6][7]

The treaty is reviewed each five years in meetings called Review Conferences of the Parties to the Treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. In addition, Sessions of the Preparatory Committee for the Review Conference take place on the intermediate years. Simultaneously, many events organized by independent institutions, groups of experts, think tanks and NGO´s take place worldwide in order to provide reports and recommendations that compliment the Preparatory Committees. [2]

Even though the treaty was originally conceived with a limited duration of 25 years, the signing parties decided by consensus to extend the treaty indefinitely and without conditions during the Review Conference in New York City on May 11, 1995.

Countries that have signed the treaty as Non-Nuclear Weapons States and maintained that status have an unbroken record of not building nuclear weapons. However, Iraq was cited by the IAEA and sanctioned by the UN Security Council for violating its NPT safeguards obligations; North Korea never came into compliance with its NPT safeguards agreement and was cited repeatedly for these violations, [14] and later withdrew from the NPT and tested multiple nuclear devices; Iran was found in non-compliance with its NPT safeguards obligations in an unusual non-consensus decision because it "failed in a number of instances over an extended period of time" to report aspects of its enrichment program; [15][16] and Libyapursued a clandestine nuclear weapons program before abandoning it in December 2003. In 1991 Romania reported previously undeclared nuclear activities by the former regime and the IAEA reported this non-compliance to the Security Council for information only. In some regions, the fact that all neighbours are verifiably free of nuclear weapons reduces any pressure individual states might feel to build those weapons themselves, even if neighbours are known to have peaceful nuclear energy programs that might otherwise be suspicious. In this, the treaty works as designed. Mohamed ElBaradei, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), has said that by some estimates thirty-five to forty states could have the knowledge to develop nuclear weapons. [17]

In the map below we can see those nations who have nuclear weapons and we can see those who are a potential thread to those around them and to the world:

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Peace, Peace…

When looking at the green map of the signing of the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty (NPT), or better yet, as YHWH describes it, the search and putting the hand break on the manufacture of weapons of mass destruction, it seems like the world is in agreement on disarmament of nuclear weapons, except for a view culprits. On the 14 th of January 2010, the scientists of the world made a statement by means of a symbolic clock called the Doomsday clock. According the world’s wise and learnt men they say that the earth’s peace and security are improving, because, according to them, that all the nations of the world tend towards peace and that the focus is shifting to the maintenance of the world’s natural environment. See Breaking News today: It is 6 minutes to midnight

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The Doomsday Clock

The Doomsday Clock' is a symbolic clock face, maintained since 1947 by the board of directors of the peopleBulletin of the Atomic Scientists at the University of Chicago. The closer the clock is to midnight, the closer the world is estimated to be to global disaster. As of January 14, 2010, the Doomsday Clock now stands at six minutes to midnight; [1][2] since its creation the time on the clock has changed 19 times. [3]

Originally, the analogy represented the threat of global nuclear war, but since 2007 it has also reflected climate-changing technologies and "new developments in the life sciences and nanotechnology that could inflict irrevocable harm." [4] For info see Wikipedia: The Doomsday Clock & The Time according to the Doomsday clock. The follow info is the prophesied or estimated approximation towards self destruction, over the last generation, according to the scientists of the world:

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Time changes in the last generation 1947-2010

In 1947, during the Cold War, the clock was started at seven minutes to midnight and was subsequently advanced or rewound per the state of the world and nuclear war prospects. Setting the clock is relatively arbitrary, and decided by the directors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists reflecting global affairs. The clock has not always been set and reset as quickly as events occur; the closest nuclear war threat, the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962, reached crisis, climax, and resolution before it could be set to reflect that possible doomsday.

The most recent officially-announced setting — six minutes to midnight — was on 14 January 2010. [1][5]Reflecting international events dangerous to humankind, the clock hands have been set nineteen times, since its initial start at seven minutes to midnight in 1947. For a more detailed break down of reasons of time changes see table: This table also helps to see a brief history of all the history of possible life threatening situations the world and its inhabitants have been in since the last generation:

Year  

M inLft

Time  

Change  

Reason

1947

7

11:53pm

The initial setting of the Doomsday Clock.

1949

3

11:57pm

−4

The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb.

1953

2

11:58pm

−1

The United States and the Soviet Union test thermonuclear devices within nine months of one another. (This is the clock's closest approach to midnight since its inception.)

1960

7

11:53pm

+5

In response to a perception of increased scientific cooperation and public understanding of the dangers of nuclear weapons.

1963

12

11:48pm

+5

The United States and Soviet Union sign the Partial Test Ban Treaty, limiting atmospheric nuclear testing.

1968

7

11:53pm

−5

France and China acquire and test nuclear weapons (1960 (Gerboise Bleue nuclear test) and 1964 (596 nuclear test) respectively).

1969

10

11:50pm

+3

The U.S. Senate ratifies the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

1972

12

11:48pm

+2

The United States and the Soviet Union sign the SALT I (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty) and the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.

1974

9

11:51pm

−3

India tests a nuclear device (Smiling Buddha), SALT II talks stall.

1980

7

11:53pm

−2

Further deadlock in US-USSR talks, increase in nationalist wars and terrorist actions.

1981

4

11:56pm

−3

Arms race escalates, conflicts in Afghanistan, South Africa, and Poland add to world tension.

1984

3

11:57pm

−1

Further escalation of the arms race between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.

1988

6

11:54pm

+3

The U.S. and the Soviet Union sign treaty to eliminate intermediate-range nuclear forces, relations improve.

1990

10

11:50pm

+4

Fall of the Berlin Wall, dissolution of Iron Curtain sealing off Eastern Europe, Cold War nearing an end.

1991

17

11:43pm

+7

United States and Soviet Union sign the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. (This is the clock's earliest setting since its inception.)

1995

14

11:46pm

−3

Global military spending continues at Cold War levels; concerns about post-Soviet nuclear proliferation of weapons and brainpower.

1998

9

11:51pm

−5

Both India (Pokhran-II) and Pakistan (Chagai-I) test nuclear weapons in a tit-for-tat show of aggression; the United States and Russia run into difficulties in further reducing stockpiles.

2002

7

11:53pm

−2

Little progress on global nuclear disarmament; United States rejects a series of arms control treaties and announces its intentions to withdraw from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty; concerns about the possibility of a nuclear terrorist attack due to the amount of weapon-grade nuclear materials that are unsecured and unaccounted for worldwide.

2007

5

11:55pm

−2

North Korea's test of a nuclear weapon [6], Iran's nuclear ambitions, a renewed U.S. emphasis on the military utility of nuclear weapons, the failure to adequately secure nuclear materials, and the continued presence of some 26,000 nuclear weapons in the United States and Russia. [7] Some scientists, assessing the dangers posed to civilization, have added climate change to the prospect of nuclear annihilation as the greatest threats to humankind. [8]

2010

6

11:54pm

+1

Worldwide cooperation to reduce nuclear arsenals and limit effect of climate change.

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The Wise men of the World…

The scientist of this last century made the following statement and conclusion in the beginning of this year, saying: “ Worldwide cooperation to reduce nuclear arsenals and limit effect of climate change ” is proof that we will not destroy ourselves. This statement was made on the 14 th of January 2010, one day before the day, which YHWH gave me, as my marker to prepare to begin that for which He had called us, on the 9 th of May 2001. YHWH did not call us off the mission which He came to give us since that day, saying: “Yes, the rulers of the world have actually managed to turn back the clock.” No, He has rather marked the day, like the beginning of a count down. Men’s hearts are deceitful and beyond cure and YHWH know what the final out come will be in the end of the appointed days, as was revealed to Daniel: “ And as for both of these kings, their hearts and minds shall be set on doing mischief; they shall speak lies over the same table, but it will not succeed, for the end is yet to be at the time appointed. (Dan 11:27 Ampl) Although the enemy would want to change the time appointed by God, he would not be able, for they will come to pass according to YHWH’s times and seasons and not his.

The apostle Paul said the following about the wise philosophers of this world and its times: 18 “For the story and message of the cross is sheer absurdity and folly to those who are perishing and on their way to perdition, but to us who are being saved it is the manifestation of the power of God. 19 For it is written: “I will baffle and render useless and destroy the learning of the learned and the philosophy of the philosophers and the cleverness of the clever and the discernment of the discerning; I will frustrate and nullify them and bring them to nothing. [Isa. 29:14.]

20 Where is the wise man or the philosopher? Where is the scribe or the scholar? Where is the investigator, the logician, or the debater, of this present time and age? Has not God shown up the nonsense and the folly of this world's wisdom? 21 For when the world with all its earthly wisdom failed to perceive and recognize and know God by means of its own philosophy, God in His wisdom was pleased through the foolishness of preaching salvation, procured by Christ and to be had through Him, to save those who believed and who clung to and trusted in and relied on Him. (1 Cor 1:18 Ampl) All the logic of the world and all the best professors and all the scientists’ in the world wisdom and all the calculations or estimations can not come pare with the power of cross. For through the cross, God has reconciled us back to Him, opening a living way through the veil, even the veil of time. God in His wisdom has understood the hearts of men even before they have made one choice, not because God is evil. For God can not be tempted, nor does He tempt anyone, but each man is dragged away and enticed by his own evil ambitions and desires. Man makes plans, but God directs his steps and nothing is hidden from His sight.

Therefore YHWH, Elohim, challenges the scribes and scholars, the wise men of our times and the false prophets, saying: 8 “Bring forth the blind people who have eyes and the deaf who have ears. 9 Let all the nations be gathered together and let the peoples be assembled. Who among them could predict this and show us the former things? Let them bring their witnesses, that they may be justified, or let them hear and acknowledge, It is the truth. (Isa 43:8-9 Ampl) Soon the world would have to acknowledge: “It was Truth!” Even those who were are sleep, shall also wake up too late. Am I now condemning the world to destruction? Then I will answer in the writings of the writer of the book of Hebrews, when He spoke about Noah’s faith, saying: 7 Prompted by faith Noah, being forewarned by Godconcerning events of which as yet there was no visible sign, took heed and diligently and reverently constructed and preparedan ark for the deliverance of his own family. By this, his faith, which relied on God, he passed judgment and sentence on the world's unbelief and became an heir and possessor of righteousness, that relation of being right into which God puts the person who has faith. [Gen. 6:13-22.] (Heb 11:7 Ampl) By all this signs, and through these writings, God has been warning all who receive these letters. Not many do realize, even as Noah started warning his generation, that sudden destruction was upon them, even though there was no signs of an impending catastrophe, and by his persistence had built an ark, by the time the rain came. So God is building an ark of testimony for Himself, by these prophetic signs, which He gave two of us at the same time, so that at the mouth of two witnesses His word might stand, starting nearly 9 years ago.

In the same way, even though many have judged this work, in their ignorance saying: “You are out of your mind!” or saying: “People are not ready for your signs!” without knowing that their destruction lingers nearer every day.

The apostle Paul, warned us many thousands of years ago, saying: 3 When people are saying: “All is well and secure”, and, “There is peace and safety”, then in a moment unforeseen destruction, ruin and death will come upon them as suddenly as labour pains come upon a woman with child; and they shall by no means escape, for there will be no escape. (1Th 5:3 Ampl) God in His mercy has sent us prophets to warn us, but we have not paid attention to their message, therefore the prophecy of Habakkuk will now come to pass in our generation, saying: “Look, you scoffers and scorners, and marvel and perish and vanish away; for I am doing a deed in your days, a deed which you will never have confidence in or believe, even if someone clearly describing it in detail, declares it to you.” [Hab. 1:5.] (Act 13:41) God has in detail declared all these things to us, through signs in the heavens. He could have chosen many other ways of doing it, but chose to reveal Himself to his servants in this way, for it is written: 19 “And I will show wonders in the sky above and signs on the earth beneath, blood and fire and smoking vapour; 20 The sun shall be turned into darkness and the moon into blood before the obvious day of the Lord comes, that great and notable and conspicuous and renowned day. (Act 2:19 Ampl) The day of the Lord is speeding close now, and their shall be no more delay. For in a very short time, sudden destruction will come upon all mankind.

The prophet Jeremiah prophesied about these days saying: 11 “For they have healed the wound of the daughter of My people only lightly and slighting, saying, Peace, peace, when there is no peace. 12 They are brought to shame because they have committed abominations, extremely disgusting and shamefully vile things. And yet they were not at all ashamed, nor could they blush. Therefore they shall fall among those who fall; at the time of their punishment they shall be overthrown, says the Lord. [Jer. 6:12-15.] 13 I will gather and sweep them away, utterly consuming them, says the Lord. I will find no grapes on the vine, nor figs on the fig tree, and even the leaf is withered; and the things that I have given them shall pass away from them, for I have appointed to them those who shall pass over them. [Matt. 21:18, 19.] (Jer 8:11-13 Ampl)

Then he continues, explaining how when sudden destroyed have come upon the people of the earth who thought that they would have peace, how they would say: 15 “We looked for peace and completeness, but no good came, and for a time of healing, but behold, dismay, trouble, and terror! 16 The snorting of Nebuchadnezzar's horses is heard from Dan on the northern border of Palestine. At the sound of the neighing of his strong war-horses the whole land quakes; for they come and devour the land and all that is in it, the city and those who dwell in it. 17 For behold, I am sending among you serpents, adders which cannot be charmed, and they shall bite you, says the Lord. 18 Oh, that I [Jeremiah] could comfort myself against sorrow, for my grief is beyond healing, my heart is sick and faint within me! 19 Behold says the prophet, listen to the voice of the cry of the daughter of my people for help, because of those who dwell in a far country: “Is not the Lord in Zion? Is not her King in her?” But the Lord answers: “Why have they provoked Me to anger with their carved images and with foreign idols? 20 The harvest is past, the summer has ended and the gathering of fruit is over, yet we are not saved! 21 For the hurt of the daughter of my people am I, Jeremiah, hurt; I go around mourning; dismay has taken hold on me. 22 Is there no balm in Gilead? Is there no physician there? Why then is not the health of the daughter of my people restored? [Exod. 15:26.] (Jer 8:15-22 Ampl) At that time, when destruction has come upon the earth, many will realize that they have not being saved. Even though there is a Great Physician, Yahshua a Mashiach, who is the King of Israel and of the Bride, yet the harvest is over!

Then will come to pass what was written: 19b “Blessed, happy, to be envied are those who are summoned, invited, called to the marriage supper of the Lamb. And further, he said to me: “These are the true words, the genuine and exact declarations of God.” (Rev19:9b Ampl) Only those who, at that time, are sitting at the table to eat from the marriage supper of the Lamb will be blessed.

11 After that I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse appeared! The One Who was riding it is called Faithful, Trustworthy, Loyal, Incorruptible, Steady and True, and He passes judgment and wages war in righteousness, holiness, justice and uprightness. 12 His eyes blaze like a flame of fire, and on His head are many kingly crowns diadems; and He has a title name inscribed which He alone knows or can understand. [Dan. 10:6.] 13 He is dressed in a robe dyed by dipping in blood, and the title by which He is called is The Word of God. 14 And the troops of heaven, clothed in fine linen, dazzling and clean, followed Him on white horses. 15 From His mouth goes forth a sharp sword with which He can smite, afflict, strike the nations; and He will shepherd and control them with a staff or sceptre or rod of iron. He will tread the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath and indignation of God the All-Ruler the Almighty, the Omnipotent. [Ps. 2:9.] 16 And on His garment and on His thigh He has a name or a title inscribed: “ KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.” [Deut. 10:17; Dan. 2:47.] (Rev19:11 Ampl) Then there will be war in heaven. Michael, “He who is like YHWH”, will fight against Satan and cast him and his fallen angels out of heaven. Then Yahshua, the Commander of the Armies of YHWH, YHWH, will come and fight in a great battle on the earth, with His armies, those who have washed their robes in His blood.

The apostle John saw this great supper of the Lamb, describing it in the following way: “17 Then I saw a single angel stationed in the sun's light, and with a mighty voice he shouted to all the birds that fly across the sky: “Come, gather yourselves together for the great supper of God, [Ezek. 39:4, 17-20.] 18 That you may feast on the flesh of rulers, the flesh of generals and captains, the flesh of powerful and mighty men, the flesh of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all humanity, both free and slave, both small and great! 19 Then I saw the beast and the rulers and leaders of the earth with their troops mustered to go into battle and make war against Him Who is mounted on the horse and against His troops.

20 And the beast was seized and overpowered, and with him the false prophet who in his presence had worked wonders and performed miracles by which he led astray those who had accepted or permitted to be placed upon them the stamp (mark) of the beast and those who paid homage and gave divine honours to his statue. Both of them were hurled alive into the fiery lake that burns and blazes with brimstone. 21 And the rest were killed with the sword that issues from the mouth of Him Who is mounted on the horse, and all the birds fed ravenously and glutted themselves with their flesh. (17-21 Ampl)

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The Birds that will eat the Flesh of all men…

The apostle was shown a vision of birds that fly in the sky and that will eat the flesh of men during the days of the great supper of the Lamb. During the time of the fast in 2002, the Lord by many and various signs had shown us countless war vehicles and aircraft that will be involved in the last day wars. The Lord in His wisdom explained things to the prophets and the apostles long ago that they had no understanding off. For a deeper understanding of the symbolism which YHWH has used also in the days of Yahshua see The Newsletter: The Watchmen

The stealth fighter attacked the most heavily fortified targets during Desert Storm (January-February 1991), and it was the only coalition jet allowed to strike targets inside Baghdad's city limits. The F-117A, which normally packs a payload of two 2,000-pound GBU-27 laser-guided bombs, destroyed and crippled Iraqi electrical power stations, military headquarters, communications sites, air defence operation centres, airfields, ammo bunkers, and chemical, biological and nuclear weapons plants.

Although only 36 stealth fighters were deployed in Desert Storm and accounted for 2.5 percent of the total force of 1,900 fighters and bombers, they flew more than a third of the bombing runs on the first day of the war. In all during Desert Storm, the stealth fighter conducted more than 1,250 sorties, dropped more than 2,000 tons of bombs, and flew more than 6,900 hours. More than 3,000 antiaircraft guns and 60 surface-to-air missile batteries protected the city, but despite this seemingly impenetrable shield, the Nighthawks owned the skies over the city and, for that matter, the country. The stealth fighter, which is coated with a secret, radar-absorbent material, operated over Iraq and Kuwait with impunity, and was unscathed by enemy guns.

F-117 fighters deployed to the Gulf several times during the late 1990's to support U.S. attacks against Iraq designed to deprive Saddam Hussein of his Weapons of Mass Destruction (W MD) programs and to force his compliance with the UN monitoring regime. F-117 fighters deployed to the Gulf during Operation Desert Fox to upgrade the strike force's capability to attack high-value targets. But the 18 hour flight from the F-117s' home base to Kuwait meant that the operation was over before the F-117 aircraft arrived in the Gulf.

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YHWH’s Punishment of the Nations and Israel

YHWH also showed those days, when God will allow the nations of the world to destroy one another, to the prophet Ezekiel, when His word came to the prophet, saying to Him: 2 Also, son of man, thus says the Lord God to the land of Israel: “An end! The end has come upon the four corners of the land. [Ezek. 11:13; Amos 8:2.] 3 Now is the end upon you, and I will send My anger upon you and will judge you according to your ways and will bring upon you retribution for all your abominations. 4 And My eye will not spare you, neither will I have pity; but I will bring recompense for your evil ways upon you, while your abominations are in the midst of you, calling down punishment from a righteous God; and you shall know, recognize, understand, and realize that I am the Lord.

5 Thus says the Lord God: “Behold, an evil is coming, an evil so destructive and injurious, so sudden and violent, that it stands alone, not as a succession, but as only one evil. 6 An end has come! The end has come! The end, after sleeping so long awakes against you. See, it has come! 7 Your turn. Your doom has come upon you, O inhabitant of the land; the time has come, the day is near, a day not of joyful shouting, but a day of tumult upon the mountains. 8 Now will I shortly pour out My wrath upon you and finish spending My anger against you, and I will judge you according to your ways and will recompense you with punishment for all your abominations. 9 And My eye will not spare, nor will I have pity. I will punish you according to your ways while your abominations are right in the midst of you. And you shall know, understand, and realize that it is I the Lord Who smites you. 10 Behold, the day! Behold, it has come! Your doom has gone forth, the rod has blossomed, and pride has budded. 11 Violence has grown up into a rod of wickedness; none of Israel shall remain, none of their abundance, none of their wealth; neither shall there be preeminence among them or wailing for them. 12 The time has come, the day draws near. Let not the buyer rejoices nor the seller mourns, for wrath is upon all their multitude. 13 For the seller shall not return to that which is sold, even were they yet alive. For the vision of punishment is touching Israel's whole multitude; he shall not come back, neither shall any strengthen himself whose life is in his iniquity. 14 They have blown the trumpet and have made all ready, but none goes to the battle, for My wrath is upon all their multitude. 15 The sword is without and pestilence and famine are within. He who is in the field shall die by the sword, and him who is in the city shall famine and pestilence devour. 16 But those of them that escape shall escape, but shall be on the mountains like doves of the valleys, all of them moaning, every one in his iniquity's punishment. 17 All hands shall be feeble and all knees shall be weak as water. [Isa. 13:7; Jer. 6:24; Ezek. 21:7.] 18 They shall also gird themselves with sackcloth; horror and dismay shall cover them, and shame shall be upon all faces and baldness upon all their heads as evidence of grief. 19 They shall cast their silver into the streets, and their gold shall be discarded like an unclean thing or rubbish; their silver and their gold shall not be able to deliver them in the day of the wrath of the Lord; they shall not satisfy their animal cravings nor fill their stomachs with them, for wealth has been the stumbling block of their iniquity. [Prov. 11:4; Zeph. 1:18.] 20 As for the beauty of gold for ornament, they turned it to pride and made of it the images of their abominations and of their detestable things. Therefore I will make it to them as an unclean thing. 21 And I will give it for plunder into the hands of strangers and to the wicked of the earth for a spoil, and they shall profane it. 22 Also I will turn My face from them and they shall profane M y secret treasure, the temple; and robbers shall enter into it and profane it. 23 Prepare the chain of imprisonment, for the land is full of blood guiltiness, murders committed with pretended formalities of justice and the city is full of violence. 24 Therefore I will bring in the worst of the heathen nations, who will take possession of the houses of the people of Judah; I will also silence their strongholds and put an end to their proud might, and their holy places and those who sanctify them shall be profaned. 25 Distress, panic, and destruction shall come, and they of Judah shall seek peace, and there shall be none. 26 Calamity shall come upon calamity and rumour shall be upon rumour, and they shall seek a vision of the prophet; and the law and instruction shall cease from the distracted priest and counsel from the dismayed elders. [Ps. 74:9; Lam. 2:9.] 27 The king of Judah shall wear mourning and the prince shall clothe himself with garments of despair and desolation, while the hands of the people of the land shall tremble, palsied by terror; for I will do to them in accordance with their ways, and according to their deserts will I judge them; and they shall know, recognize, and realize that I am the Lord. (Ezek 8:2-27 Ampl) God will show no more mercy to Israel in those days. He will remove His hand of protection from Israel and will destroy the earth by a single destruction that will be devastating to Israel and her surroundings. God will forsake His temple and the promise which He made with Solomon and will turn away from the temple, because of all the wickedness that is being done in secret.

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Zechariah’s Vision

What will be this devastating blow that will come with sudden destruction upon Israel and her surroundings? The prophet Zechariah describes this blow that will come upon mankind. As YHWH had revealed Zechariah and confirmed to us, when I asked Yahshua what this plague will be? While I was standing on my feet, praying and inquiring to the Lord about the punishment of His wrath that will come upon the earth in the last days, suddenly my ears baritone and sudden blast of wind came up and shot through my face, as was revealed to the prophet Zechariah, saying: 12 “And this shall be the plague wherewith the Lord will smite all the peoples that have warred against Jerusalem: their flesh shall rot awaywhile they stand upon their feet and their eyes shall corrode away in their sockets and their tongue shall decay away in their mouth. 13 And in that day there shall be a great confusion, discomfiture, and panic among them from the Lord; and they shall seize each his neighbour’s hand, and the hand of the one shall be raised against the hand of the other. 14 And Judah also shall fight at Jerusalem, and the wealth of all the nations round about shall be gathered together--gold and silver and apparel in great abundance. 15 And as that plague on men, so shall be the plague on the horse, on the mule, on the camel, on the donkey, and on all the livestock and beasts that may be in those camps. (Zech 14:12-15 Ampl) The prophet saw excruciating heat devour man and beast. This heat was so intense that it looked like their eye dissolved in their sockets and their tongues dissolved in their mouths. This heat was so destructive and sudden that while the people stand on their feet their flesh was dissolved in an instant. What kind of heat is able to devour the flesh of men in an instant? What could cause such an effect which YHWH had shown the prophet thousands of years ago?

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Nuclear Bomb characteristics

As the fireball rises through still air, it takes on the flow pattern of a vortex ring with incandescent material in the vortex core as seen in certain photographs. [7] At the explosion of nuclear bombs lightning discharges sometimes occur. Not related to the explosion itself, often there are smoke trails seen in photographs of nuclear explosions. [8] These are formed from sounding rockets emitting smoke launched before detonation. The smoke trails are used to determine the position of the shockwave, which is invisible, in the milliseconds after detonation through the refraction of light, which causes an optical break in the smoke trails as the shockwave passes.

However, depending on the design of the weapon and the environment in which it is detonated the energy distributed to these categories can be increased or decreased to the point of nullification. The blast effect is created by the coupling of immense amounts of energy, spanning the electromagnetic spectrum, with the surroundings. Locations such as submarine (water), surface (land), airburst (Air), or exo-atmospheric (outer space) determine how much energy is produced as blast and how much as radiation. In general, denser mediums around the bomb, like water, absorb more energy, and create more powerful shockwaves while at the same time limiting the area of its effect.

The dominant effects of a nuclear weapon where people are likely to be affected (blast and thermal radiation) are identical physical damage mechanisms to conventional explosives. However the energy produced by a nuclear explosive is millions of times more powerful per gram and the temperatures reached are briefly in the tens of millions of degrees.

Energy from a nuclear explosive is initially released in several forms of penetrating radiation. When there is a surrounding material such as air, rock, or water, this radiation interacts with and rapidly heats it to an equilibrium temperature. This causes vaporization of surrounding material resulting in its rapid expansion. Kinetic energy created by this expansion contributes to the formation of a shockwave. When a nuclear detonation occurs in air near sea level, much of the released energy interacts with the atmosphere and creates a shockwave which expands spherically from the hypocenter. Intense thermal radiation at the hypocenter forms a fireball and if the burst is low enough, it’s often associated mushroom cloud. In a burst at high altitudes, where the air density is low, more energy is released as ionizing gamma radiation and x-rays than an atmosphere displacing shockwave.

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Modern Nuclear Bombs compared to Hiroshima

An estimate of the size of the damage caused by the Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. A modern hydrogen bomb would be tens of times more powerful and cause similar levels of damage at 2-5 times the distance. [3]

The high temperatures and pressures cause gas to move outward radially in a thin, dense shell called "the hydrodynamic front." The front acts like a piston that pushes against and compresses the surrounding medium to make a spherically expanding shock wave. At first, this shock wave is inside the surface of the developing fireball, which is created in a volume of air by the X-rays. However, within a fraction of a second the dense shock front obscures the fireball, causing the characteristic double pulse of light seen from a nuclear detonation. For air bursts at or near sea-level between 50-60% of the explosion's energy goes into the blast wave, depending on the size and the yield-to-weight ratio of the bomb. As a general rule, the blast fraction is higher for low yield and/or high bomb mass. Furthermore, it decreases at high altitudes because there is less air mass to absorb radiation energy and convert it into blast. This effect is most important for altitudes above 30 km, corresponding to <1 per cent of sea-level air density.

M uch of the destruction caused by a nuclear explosion is due to blast effects. Most buildings, except reinforced or blast-resistant structures, will suffer moderate to severe damage when subjected to overpressures of only 35.5 kilopascals (kPa) (5.15 pounds-force per square inch or 0.35 atm).

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Blast Winds:

The blast wind may exceed 1000 km/h. The range for blast effects increases with the explosive yield of the weapon and also depends on the burst altitude. Contrary to what one might expect from geometry the blast range is not maximal for surface or low altitude blasts but increases with altitude up to an "optimum burst altitude" and then decreases rapidly for higher altitudes. This is due to the nonlinear behaviour of shock waves. If the blast wave reaches the ground it is reflected. Below a certain reflection angle the reflected wave and the direct wave merge and form a reinforced horizontal wave, the so-called Mach stem (named after Ernst Mach). For each goal overpressure there is a certain optimum burst height at which the blast range is maximized. In a typical air burst, where the blast range is maximized for 5 to 20 psi (34 to 140 kPa), these values of overpressure and wind velocity noted above will prevail at a range of 0.7 km for 1 kiloton (kt) of TNT yield; 3.2 km for 100 kt; and 15.0 km for 10 megatons (Mt) of TNT.

Two distinct, simultaneous phenomena are associated with the blast wave in air:

  • Static overpressure, i.e., the sharp increase in pressure exerted by the shock wave. The overpressure at any given point is directly proportional to the density of the air in the wave.
  • Dynamic pressures, i.e., drag exerted by the blast winds required to form the blast wave. These winds push, tumble and tear objects.

M ost of the material damage caused by a nuclear air burst is caused by a combination of the high static overpressures and the blast winds. The long compression of the blast wave weakens structures, which are then torn apart by the blast winds. The compression, vacuum and drag phases together may last several seconds or longer, and exert forces many times greater than the strongest hurricane.

Acting on the human body, the shock waves cause pressure waves through the tissues. These waves mostly damage junctions between tissues of different densities (bone and muscle) or the interface between tissue and air. Lungs and the abdominal cavity, which contain air, are particularly injured. The damage causes severe haemorrhaging or air embolisms, either of which can be rapidly fatal. The overpressure estimated to damage lungs is about 70 kPa. Some eardrums would probably rupture around 22 kPa (0.2 atm) and half would rupture between 90 and 130 kPa (0.9 to 1.2 atm).

The drag energies of the blast winds are proportional to the cubes of their velocities multiplied by the durations. These winds may reach several hundred kilometres per hour.

Nuclear weapons emit large amounts of electromagnetic radiation as visible, infrared, and ultraviolet light. The chief hazards are burns and eye injuries. On clear days, these injuries can occur well beyond blast ranges. The light is so powerful that it can start fires that spread rapidly in the debris left by a blast. The range of thermal effects increases markedly with weapon yield. Thermal radiation accounts for between 35-45% of the energy released in the explosion, depending on the yield of the device.

There are two types of eye injuries from the thermal radiation of a weapon:

Flash blindness is caused by the initial brilliant flash of light produced by the nuclear detonation. More light energy is received on the retina than can be tolerated, but less than is required for irreversible injury. The retina is particularly susceptible to visible and short wavelength infrared light, since this part of the electromagnetic spectrum is focused by the lens on the retina. The result is bleaching of the visual pigments and temporary blindness for up to 40 minutes.

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Electromagnetic pulse

Gamma rays from a nuclear explosion produce high energy electrons through Compton scattering. These electrons are captured in the Earth's magnetic field, at altitudes between twenty and forty kilometres, where they resonate. The oscillating electric current produces a coherent electromagnetic pulse (E MP) which lasts about one millisecond. Secondary effects may last for more than a second.

The pulse is powerful enough to cause long metal objects such as cables to act as antennas and generate high voltages when the pulse passes. These voltages, and the associated high currents, can destroy unshielded electronics and even many wires. There are no known biological effects of E MP. The ionized air also disrupts radio traffic that would normally bounce off the ionosphere.

One can shield electronics by wrapping them completely in conductive mesh, or any other form of Faraday cage. Of course radios cannot operate when shielded, because broadcast radio waves cannot reach them. Main article: Electromagnetic pulse.

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Ionizing radiation

About 5% of the energy released in a nuclear air burst is in the form of ionizing radiation: neutrons, gamma rays, alpha particles, and electrons moving at speeds up to the speed of light. Gamma rays are high energy light waves, the others are particles that move slower than light. The neutrons result almost exclusively from the fission and fusion reactions, while the initial gamma radiation includes that arising from these reactions as well as that resulting from the decay of short-lived fission products.

The intensity of initial nuclear radiation decreases rapidly with distance from the point of burst because the radiation spreads over a larger area as it travels away from the explosion. It is also reduced by atmospheric absorption and scattering.

The character of the radiation received at a given location also varies with distance from the explosion. Near the point of the explosion, the neutron intensity is greater than the gamma intensity, but with increasing distance the neutron-gamma ratio decreases. Ultimately, the neutron component of initial radiation becomes negligible in comparison with the gamma component. The range for significant levels of initial radiation does not increase markedly with weapon yield and, as a result, the initial radiation becomes less of a hazard with increasing yield. With larger weapons, above 50 kT (200 TJ), blast and thermal effects are so much greater in importance that prompt radiation effects can be ignored.

The neutron radiation serves to transmute the surrounding matter, often rendering it radioactive. When added to the dust of radioactive material released by the bomb itself, a large amount of radioactive material is released into the environment. This form of radioactive contamination is known as nuclear fallout and poses the primary risk of exposure to ionizing radiation for a large nuclear weapon.

Details of nuclear weapon design also affect neutron emission: the gun-type assembly Hiroshima bomb leaked far more neutrons than the implosion type 21 kt Nagasaki bomb because the light hydrogen nuclei (protons) predominating in the exploded TNT molecules (surrounding the core of the Nagasaki bomb) slowed down neutrons very efficiently while the heavier iron atoms in the steel nose forging of the Hiroshima bomb scattered neutrons without absorbing much neutron energy. [4]

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Earthquake

The pressure wave from an underground explosion will propagate through the ground and cause a minor earthquake. [5] Theory suggests that a nuclear explosion could trigger fault rupture and cause a major quake at distances within a few tens of kilometres from the shot point. [6]

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Modern Nuclear Weapons

Yahshua knew the end from the beginning and revealed the most amazing and direct information about nuclear technology to prophet Zechariah, than any other prophet of that time. YHWH had sent an angel to the prophet to explain something to him, which we would only understand thousands of years later. Angel came and asked the prophet a question, while he saw a very significant vision, saying: 1 Again I lifted up my eyes and behold, I saw a scroll flying or floating in the air! 2 And the angel said to me: “What do you see?” And I answered, I see a flying scroll; its length is twenty cubits or thirty feet and its breadth is ten cubits or fifteen feet. 3 Then he said to me: “This is the curse that goes out over the face of the whole land; for everyone who steals shall be cut off from henceforth according to it [the curse written on this subject on the scroll], and everyone who swears falsely shall be cut off from henceforth according to it. [Isa. 24:6; Mal. 3:8, 9.] 4 I will bring the curse forth, says the Lord of hosts, and it shall enter into the house of the thief and into the house of him who swears falsely by My name; and it shall abide in the midst of his house and shall consume it, both its timber and its stones. 5 Then the angel who talked with me came forward and said to me: “Lift up now your eyes and see what this is that goes forth.” 6 And I said: “What is it?” What does it symbolize? And he said: “This that goes forth is an ephah or a sized vessel for separate grains all collected together. This, he continued, is the symbol of the sinners mentioned above and is the resemblance of their iniquity throughout the whole land. [Amos 8:5.] 7 And behold, a round, flat weight of lead was lifted and there sat a womanin the midst of the ephah or sized vessel. 8 And he said: “This is lawlessness or wickedness! And he thrust her back into the ephah or sized vessel and he cast the weight of lead upon the mouth of it! 9 Then I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold, there were two women coming forward! The wind was in their wings, for they had wings like the wings of a stork, and they lifted up the ephah or sized vessel between the earth and the heavens. 10 Then said I to the angel who talked with me: “Where are they taking the ephah or sized vessel? 11 And he said to me: “To the land of Shinar [Babylonia] to build it a house, and when it is finished, to set up the ephah or sized vessel, the symbol of such sinners and their guilt there upon its own base. (Zech 5:1-11 Ampl)

In this vision the prophet is asked to describe what he sees. First the prophet sees a flying scroll. Second he is given the dimensions of the scroll that is flying in mid air. Then he is told this is a curse that goes out over the land of Israel or the world. Then he is told that this curse will consume the timbers and the stones. Then he is told that it is a sized vessel, which resembles the wickedness of man’s sins. Then come the most revealing piece of information, which have been obscured because of translation. The prophet sees how a woman is put on the inside of this vessel and then a lead lid is put upon it. Then the prophet sees how two birds, with wings like a stork picks up this vessel and fly with it. Then the prophet asks where are they taking it? Then the angel says they are taking it to the land of Babylon to build a house for it and to set it upon its own base. This is like a game? What is it? What is the prophet describing?

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Principles of radiation protection

Radiation protection, sometimes known as radiological protection, is the science of protecting people and the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation, which includes both particle radiation and high energy electromagnetic radiation.

Ionizing radiation is widely used in industry and medicine, but presents a significant health hazard. It causes microscopic damage to living tissue, resulting in skin burns and radiation sickness at high exposures and cancer, tumours and genetic damage at low exposures.

Radiation protection can be divided into occupational radiation protection, which is the protection of workers; medical radiation protection, which is the protection of patients; and public radiation protection, which is protection of individual members of the public, and of the population as a whole. The types of exposure, as well as government regulations and legal exposure limits are different for each of these groups, so they must be considered separately.

There are three factors that control the amount, or dose, of radiation received from a source. Radiation exposure can be managed by a combination of these factors: Time, distance, and shielding.

Shielding: Adding shielding can also reduce radiation doses. The radiation getting through falls exponentially with the thickness of the shield. In x-ray facilities, the plaster on the rooms with the x-ray generator contains barium sulphate and the operators stay behind a leaded glass screen and wear lead aprons. Almost any material can act as a shield from gamma or x-rays if used in sufficient amounts. Practical radiation protection tends to be a job of juggling the three factors to identify the most cost effective solution.

M odern technology has improved significantly in containing radiation, but according to a table of materials, having shielding abilities, Lead (Pb) is the most effective at containing radiation coming for the nuclear material. For more info see Radiation Protection.

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The Nuclear Bomb

File:Nuclear weapon size chart.jpg

The Birth of a Nuclear Bomb: B61-11

Nuclear Brief April 2005 (updated July 14, 2005)

The history of how the first U.S.post-testing nuclear weapon, the B61-11, was developed and deployed has become clearer following the partial declassification and released of a number of documents by the Department of Energy and Department of Defense under the Freedom of Information Act. Plans to build more "modified" nuclear weapons make it important to revisit how the B61-11 bomb was planned, approved, and produced.

Before the Clinton administration initiated a moratorium on nuclear weapons test explosions in 1992, such experiments served mainly to develop and certify new nuclear weapons. Absent nuclear testing, however, development of nuclear weapons in the future must rely mainly on modification of existing designs and simulation. The B61-11 is the first such example in what over the next decade will rebuild most or all of the warhead types in the U.S. nuclear stockpile.

Two B61-11 shapes dropped by a B-2 bomber into the Stuart Creek Impact Area near Fairbanks, Alaska, on March 17, 1998. The weapons were retrieved, indicating penetration depth of roughly 18 feet (6 meters) into frozen soil (left) and with intact front casings but significant structural damage to the rear section (right).

The B61-11 is significant, because it is the first post-testing modification and is significantly different than the weapon it replaced. The B61-11 was first mentioned in public in September 1995 in "Stockpile Surveillance: Past and Future," a report published by the three nuclear weapons laboratories. An obscure footnote on page 11 remarked: "A modification of the B61 is expected to replace the B53 by the year 2000. Since this modification of the B61 is not currently in the stockpile, there is no Stockpile Evaluation data for it. The B61-7 data can be used to represent this weapon."

At that point the program had already been approved by Congress and underway for two and a half years. After the lab report was discovered by the Los Alamos Study Group and the B61-11 program disclosed to the public, DOE issued a press release on September 20, 1995, which explained that the B61-11 was not a new bomb but simply a modified version of the existing B61-7 to replace the older and unsafe B53. "There is no new mission," DOE assured.

"This is not new, in any way, shape or form," a DOE official told Defense News in March 1997. General Eugene Habiger, then command in chief of U.S. Strategic Command (STRATCO M) further explained: "All we have done is put the components into a case-hardened steel shell that has the capability of burrowing quite a ways underground, through frozen tundra, through significant layers of concrete." For more info see B61 nuclear bomb.

For a comprehensive list of U.S. Weapons Appendix @ the end.

God has pre-warned all mankind thousands of years ago, explaining the devastating effects that will be caused by the wickedness of man. Both the prophets and the apostles have spoken about these days of destruction, declaring that this great and terrible day will come. It will be a time of trouble and distress. Then Lord Yahshua knows the hearts of man, and the wicked plan that linger in their hearts. He know the very thoughts of our in most being before a word is no our tongue or one action is performed.

The treaties of this world will unfortunately fail, for they never intended to keep them in the first place. Now the time has come for the man of sins to work behind the scenes all that Yahshua had foretold by the mouth of His servants the prophets, as was written: 23 And from the time that an alliance is made with him he shall work deceitfully, and he shall come up unexpectedly and shall become strong with a small people. (Dan 11:23 Ampl)

In the prophetic revelation to follow Yahshua opens up how this ‘man of lawlessness’ will make use of that which was called ‘wickedness and lawlessness’ by the mouth of the prophet Zechariah, working deceitfully from the time that a covenant is made with him, until he brings destruction to the nations of the east and Israel. He will convince many to follow him and he will become very influential with a very small amount of people. In the letter to follow we will explain how that will become possible.

Let all who read this letter be assured that the time has come and are upon us. Let us not be found unworthy to escape this terrible day which God had made for Satan and his fallen angles, but let us be found worthy to sit at the great supper of the Lamb.

Therefore Yahshua says to all who hear: 20 Behold, I stand at the door and knock; if anyone hears and listens to and heeds My voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and will eat with him, and he will eat with Me. 21 He who overcomes is victorious, I will grant him to sit beside Me on My throne, as I Myself overcame was victorious and sat down beside My Father on His throne. 22 He who is able to hear, let him listen to and heed what the Holy Spirit says to the assemblies or churches. (Rev 3:20-22 Ampl)

To our Lord and Master, Yahshua the Messiah, belong all the glory and the honour and the power and the rule forever. Amen!

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From the directors: “The Witness”

United States Weapons Arsenals

Designation System

All U.S. nuclear weapons (missile warheads, free-fall bombs, artillery shells, etc.) are numbered in a single, consecutive series. The numbers are assigned by the organization controlling the design and manufacture of nuclear weapons. From 1946 to 1974, this was the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). In 1974, the AEC was abolished and its tasks being taken over by the newly formed Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA). In 1977, the Department of Energy (DOE) was founded and took over, among many other things, the responsibility for nuclear weapons.

When designating nuclear weapons, a variety of prefixes and suffixes are used with the numbers. However, I don't have any official, first-hand source describing or regulating their use. The following prefixes were used at least once:

  • XW - Warhead in the development and test phase
  • W - Warhead (production)
  • M ark (MK, Mk) - Bomb (until 1968)
  • B - Bomb (after 1968)
  • TX - "Test Experimental" (prototype bomb or warhead)
  • EC - "Emergency Capability" (bomb prototype design stockpiled in very limited numbers)
  • S - Artillery shell (rarely used)
  • BA - "Basic Assembly" (used only for bombs specially adapted to the B-58's pod)

The first four designs used roman numerals, but this was soon changed to Arabic numerals with the MK-IV/ MK-4. A dash is usually written between the prefix and the number. In newer references, however, the dash is frequently omitted. Especially the reference to bombs as Bn instead of B-n is quite common, presumably to avoid confusion with US Air Force bomber designations. The warhead (i.e. the nuclear package) of a free-fall bomb always retained its W designation, using the same number as the bomb itself. E.g. the nuclear components of the MK-28 bomb were known as W-28 (in the strictest sense, the MK nomenclature applied only to the non-nuclear bomb components).

Suffixes are used to designate variants of a weapon. The basic suffix is a " Mod" designator. This is used in the same way as in the US Navy's MARK/MOD Nomenclature System, i.e. the first version is designated " Mod 0", followed by " Mod 1", etc. The Mod suffix is often abbreviated to a dash and a number, e.g. B61-11 or W80-1. Different yield options for a weapon can be indicated by a Yn (n = 1, 2,...) designator immediately behind the number. Of course, Y and Mod suffixes can be combined, as in W-39Y1 Mod 2. Modifications of bomb and warhead prototypes were often indicated by a -Xn (n = 1, 2,...) suffix, as in TX-7-X1. If an -Xn design was put into production, the -Xn usually became a Mod number (e.g. TX-7-X1 became MK-7 Mod 1).

List of Weapons

The list includes every nuclear weapon which was ever assigned a number in the AEC/DOE series. Warheads are always listed as W-n, but bombs are generally shown with the most "common" prefix. All warheads had XW or TX designations when the number was first assigned. Similarly, most bombs started as TX designs before being designated as MK, B or EC.

For each weapon, the developing laboratory (LANL = Los Alamos National Laboratory, LLNL = Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory), the approximate yield(s) and the delivery platforms (carrier aircraft for bombs, missiles for warheads) are listed. Brackets indicate cancelled bombs, warheads and platform/warhead combinations.

M ost rockets and missile designations are linked to the corresponding page in the Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles, which includes detailed information about the weapon.

Number

Laboratory

Yield

  Platforms

Remarks

M K-I

LANL

15 kT

  B-29Superfortress

"Little Boy" (dropped on Hiroshima) was a MK-I type bomb

[MK-II]

LANL

 

 

Design similar to "Fat Man"; not developed

M K-III

LANL

18 kT - 49 kT

  B-29Superfortress
  B-50A/DSuperfortress

"Fat Man" (dropped on Nagasaki) was a MK-III type bomb

M K-IV/ MK-4
[W-4]

LANL

1 kT - 31 kT

M K-4 Bomb:
  B-29Superfortress
  B-36Peacemaker
  B-50A/DSuperfortress
  AJ, A-2Savage
W-4 Warhead:
  [B-62, SM-62Snark]
  [B-64, SM-64Navaho]

Derived from MK-III Mod 1; W-4 missile warhead cancelled in favour of W-13

M K-5
W-5

LANL

11 kT - 47 kT

M K-5 Bomb:
  B-29Superfortress
  B-36Peacemaker
  B-45ATornado
  B-47A/B/EStratojet
  B-50A/DSuperfortress
  B-66Destroyer
  AJ, A-2Savage
  A3D-1/2, A-3A/BSkywarrior
W-5 Warhead:
   B-61, TM-61A/C, MGM-1CMatador
   SSM-N-8a, RGM-6BRegulus
  [B-63, GAM-63Rascal]
  [SSM-N-2Triton]
  [SSM-N-6Rigel]
  [SSM-A-16Hermes A-3B]

XW-5 for GA M-63 was cancelled in favour of W-27

M K-6

LANL

8 kT - 160 kT

  B-29Superfortress
  B-36Peacemaker
  B-47A/B/EStratojet
  B-50A/DSuperfortress
  B-66Destroyer
  AJ, A-2Savage
  A3D-1, A-3ASkywarrior

Improved MK-4; some retired MK-6 bombs were converted into "Project A" AD M (AD M-A)

M K-7
W-7

LANL

M K-7: 8 kT - 61 kT
W-7: 90 T, 2 - 40 kT

M K-7 Bomb:
  B-45ATornado
  B-57BIntruder
  F-84E/F/GThunderjet/Thunderstreak
  F-100D/FSuper Sabre
  F-101A/CVoodoo
  AD-4BSkyraider
  AJ, A-2Savage
  A3D-1, A-3ASkywarrior
  A4D-2/5, A-4B/C/E/J/ MSkyhawk
  FJ-4B, AF-1EFury
  F2H-2BBanshee
  F3H-2N, F-3CDemon
  F9F-8B, AF-9JCougar
W-7 Warhead:
   30.5" Rocket MK 1 MOD 0BOAR
   SSM-A-17, M2, MGM-5A/BCorporal
   M31/M50, MGR-1A/B/CHonest John
  "Project B" AD M (AD M-B)
   MK 90Betty ASW Bomb
  [GAM-67Crossbow]
  [SSM-A-13Hermes A-2]
  [SAM-A-25, M6, MIM-14Nike Hercules]

M K-7 was nicknamed "Thor";
XW-7 for GA M-67 and MI M-14 was cancelled in favour of W-31

M K-8
[W-8]

LANL

25 kT - 30 kT

M K-8 Bomb:
  B-45ATornado
  AD-4BSkyraider
  AJ, A-2Savage
  A3D-1, A-3ASkywarrior
  A4D-2/5, A-4B/C/E/J/ MSkyhawk
  F2H-2BBanshee
  F3H-2N, F-3CDemon
W-8 Warhead:
  [SSM-N-8, RGM-6Regulus]

M K-8 was nicknamed "Elsie" (for "LC": Light Case); replaced by MK-11

W-9

LANL

15 kT

  T-124 280 mm Artillery Shell
  T-4 AD M

 

[TX-10]
[W-10]

LANL

12 kT - 15 kT

W-10 Warhead:
  [KGW-1Loon]

TX-10 was to be an airburst derivative of the MK-8

TX-11 (MK-91)

LANL

30 kT (?)

  AD-4B/7, A-1JSkyraider
  AJ, A-2Savage
  A3D-1, A-3ASkywarrior
  A4D-2/5, A-4B/C/E/J/ MSkyhawk
  F2H-2BBanshee
  F3H-2N, F-3CDemon

Improved MK-8; MK-11 production version was known as MK-91 Mod 0 bomb

M K-12
[W-12]

LANL

12 kT, 14 kT

M K-12 Bomb:
  F-86F/HSabre
  AD-6/7, A-1H/JSkyraider
  AJ, A-2Savage
  A3D-1, A-3ASkywarrior
  A4D-2/5, A-4B/C/E/J/ MSkyhawk
  FJ-4B, AF-1EFury
  F2H-2BBanshee
  F3H-2N, F-3CDemon
  F9F-8B, AF-9JCougar
W-12 Warhead:
  [SAM-N-6, IM-70, RIM-8Talos]
  [30.5" Rocket MK 1 MOD 0BOAR]

M K-12 was nicknamed "Brok";
W-12 was cancelled in favour of W-7 (BOAR) and W-30 (Talos)

[TX-13]
[W-13]

LANL

32 kT

W-13 Warhead:
  [B-62, SM-62Snark]
  [B-64, SM-64Navaho]
  [SSM-A-14, M8, PGM-11Redstone]

W-13 was cancelled in favour of W-15 and later W-39

EC-14

LANL

5 MT - 7 MT

  B-36Peacemaker

 

M K-15
[W-15]

LANL

1.7 MT, 3.4 MT

M K-15 Bomb:
  B-36Peacemaker
  B-47B/EStratojet
  B-52Stratofortress
  A3D-1, A-3ASkywarrior
W-15 Warhead:
  [B-62, SM-62Snark]
  [B-64, SM-64Navaho]
  [SSM-A-14, M8, PGM-11Redstone]

W-15 was cancelled in favour of W-39

[TX-16]

LANL

6 MT - 8 MT

 

 

M K-17

LANL

15 MT - 20 MT

  B-36Peacemaker

 

M K-18

LANL

500 kT

  B-36Peacemaker
  B-47A/B/EStratojet
  A3D-1, A-3ASkywarrior

 

S-19

LANL

15 kT

  T-315 280 mm Artillery Shell

 

[TX-20]

LANL

 

 

Proposed high-yield derivative of MK-13

M K-21
[W-21]

LANL

4 MT - 5 MT

M K-21 Bomb:
  B-36Peacemaker
  B-47B/EStratojet
  B-52Stratofortress
W-21 Warhead:
  [B-64, SM-64Navaho]

Later converted to MK-36

[TX-22]

LLNL

 

 

Design cancelled after preliminary test failure

S-23

LANL

15 kT - 20 kT

  16" Shipborne Gun Shell

A 280 mm shell warhead incorporated into a bigger shellcase for the 16" guns

M K-24

LANL

15 MT - 20 MT

  B-36Peacemaker

Very similar to MK-17

W-25

LANL

1.7 kT

   MB-1, AIR-2AGenie
  [M51, MGR-3Little John]
  ["Project C" AD M (AD M-C)]

 

[TX-26]

LANL

 

 

Cancelled derivative of MK-21

M K-27
W-27

LLNL

2 MT

M K-27 Bomb:
  AJ, A-2Savage
  A3D-1/2, A-3A/BSkywarrior
  A3J-1, A-5AVigilante
W-27 Warhead:
   SSM-N-8a, RGM-6BRegulus
  [B-61, TM-61, MGM-1Matador]
  [B-63, GAM-63Rascal]
  [SSM-N-2Triton]
  [SSM-N-9, RGM-15Regulus II]

 

M K-28
W-28

LANL

M K-28: 70 kT (Y1), 350 kT (Y2), 1.1 MT (Y3), 1.45 MT (Y5)
W-28: 11 kT - 1.1 MT

M K-28 Bomb:
  B-47B/EStratojet
  B-52Stratofortress
  B-66Destroyer
  F-100D/FSuper Sabre
  F-101A/CVoodoo
  F-104C/GStarfighter
  F-105Thunderchief
  F/FB-111Aardvark
  F-4C/D/EPhantom II
  A3D-1/2, A-3A/BSkywarrior
  A4D-2/5, A-4B/C/E/J/ MSkyhawk
  A3J-1, A-5AVigilante
  A2F, A-6Intruder
  A-7Corsair II
  FJ-4B, AF-1EFury
W-28 Warhead:
   TM-76A/B, MGM/CGM-13A/BMace
   GAM-77/A, AGM-28A/BHound Dog

Used W-34 "Python" as fission primary

[W-29]

LANL

 

  [B-64, SM-64Navaho]
  [SSM-A-14, M8, PGM-11Redstone]

M odified W-15; cancelled in favour of W-39

W-30

LANL

0.5 kT, 2 kT

   SAM-N-6bW/bW1/c1, RIM-8B/D/ETalos
  X M113 TAD M
  [F-99, IM-99, CIM-10Bomarc]
  [AIM-68Big Q]

Used as "Boa" fission primary in W-52; W-30/Bomarc cancelled in favour of W-40

W-31

LANL

2 kT, 20 kT, 40 kT (MGR-1)
1 kT - 2 kT, 30 kT - 40 kT (MI M-14)
1 kT - 40 kT (AD M)

   M31/M50, MGR-1A/B/CHonest John (Y3)
   SAM-A-25, M6, MIM-14A/B/CNike Hercules (Y1, Y2)
  AD M
  [GAM-67Crossbow]

 

[S-32]

LANL

 

  [T-332 240 mm Artillery Shell]

Cancelled in favour of W-48

W-33

LANL

5 kT - 40 kT

   M422 8" Artillery Shell

 

W-34

LANL

11 kT

   MK 101Lulu NDB (Nuclear Depth Bomb)
   MK 105Hotpoint Bomb
   MK 45ASTOR Torpedo

Nicknamed "Python"; also used as gas-boosted fission primary in W-28, W-40 and W-49

[W-35]

LANL

1.75 MT

  [SM-65D/E/F, CGM/HGM-16D/E/FAtlas]
  [SM-68, HGM-25ATitan]
  [SM-75, PGM-17Thor]
  [SM-78, PGM-19Jupiter]

Cancelled in favour of W-38 (Atlas E/F, Titan) and W-49 (Atlas D, Thor, Jupiter)

M K-36

LANL

10 MT

  B-36Peacemaker
  B-47B/EStratojet
  B-52Stratofortress

 

[W-37]

LANL

 

  [SAM-A-25, M6, MIM-14Nike Hercules]

XW-37 was redesignated XW-31Y2

W-38

LLNL

4.5 MT

   SM-65E/F, CGM-16E/FAtlas
   SM-68, HGM-25ATitan

Used "Robin" (see W-48) as fission primary

M K-39
W-39

LLNL

3 MT - 4 MT

M K-39 Bomb:
  B-36Peacemaker
  B-47B/EStratojet
  B-52Stratofortress
  B-58Hustler (BA-39 in bomb pod)
  A3D-1, A-3ASkywarrior
W-39 Warhead:
   B-62, SM-62ASnark
   SSM-A-14, M8, PGM-11ARedstone
  [B-64, SM-64Navaho]

 

W-40

LANL

7 kT - 10 kT (CI M-10)
1.7 kT, 10 kT (MG M-18)

   F-99, IM-99A/B, CIM-10A/BBomarc
   SSM-A-12, M4, MGM-18ALacrosse
  [ASM-N-8Corvus]

Used W-34 "Python" as fission primary

M K-41
[W-41]

LLNL

25 MT

M K-41 Bomb:
  B-47B/EStratojet
  B-52Stratofortress

 

[W-42]

LLNL

 

  [GAR-9, AIM-47Falcon]
  [AAM-N-9Sparrow X]
  [AAM-N-10Eagle]
  [SAM-A-18, M3, MIM-23Hawk]

Cancelled in favour of W-54

M K-43

LANL

70 kT, 500 kT, 1 MT

  B-47B/EStratojet
  B-52Stratofortress
  B-57BIntruder
  B-58Hustler
  F-100D/FSuper Sabre
  F-101A/CVoodoo
  F-104C/GStarfighter
  F-105Thunderchief
  F/FB-111Aardvark
  F-4C/D/EPhantom II
  A3D-1/2, A-3A/BSkywarrior
  A4D-2/5, A-4B/C/E/J/ MSkyhawk
  A3J-1, A-5AVigilante
  A2F, A-6Intruder
  A-7Corsair II
  FJ-4B, AF-1EFury

Used W-44 "Tsetse" as fission primary

W-44

LANL

300 T, 10 kT

   RUR-5AAsroc

Nicknamed "Tsetse"; also used as fission primary in MK-43, W-50, MK-57 and W-59

W-45

LLNL

500 T - 15 kT

   GAM-83B, AGM-12DBullpup (Y3, Y4)
   SAM-N-7, RIM-2DTerrier (Y1, Y4)
   M51, MGR-3ALittle John (Y1, Y2, Y4)
   MAD M (Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4)

Used "Robin" (see W-48) as fission primary

[TX-46]
[W-46]

LANL

10 MT

W-46 Warhead:
  [SSM-A-14, M8, PGM-11Redstone]

Cancelled in favour of MK-53/W-53

W-47

LLNL

600 kT (Y1), 1.2 MT (Y2)

   UGM-27A/BPolaris A1/A2

Used "Robin" (see W-48) as fission primary

W-48

LLNL

70 T - 100 T

   M454 155 mm Artillery Shell

Unboosted derivative of "Robin" fission primary of W-38, W-45 and W-47

W-49

LANL

1.45 MT

   SM-65D, PGM-16DAtlas
   SM-75, PGM-17AThor
   SM-78, PGM-19AJupiter

Used W-34 "Python" as fission primary

W-50

LANL

60 kT (Y1), 200 kT (Y2), 400 kT (Y3)

   M14, MGM-31A/BPershing
   XLIM-49ANike Zeus B
  [HSM-80A, LGM-30AMinuteman]
  [ASM-N-xHopi]

Used W-44 "Tsetse" as fission primary

[W-51]

LLNL

22 T

  [GAR-11, AIM-26Falcon]
  [M388 Projectile for M28/ M29Davy Crockett]

XW-51 was transferred to LANL and redesignated XW-54

W-52

LANL

200 kT

   SSM-A-27, M15, MGM-29ASergeant

Used "Boa" (see W-30) as fission primary

M K-53
W-53

LANL

9 MT - 10 MT

M K-53 Bomb:
  B-47B/EStratojet
  B-52Stratofortress
  B-58Hustler (BA-53Y1 in BLU-2/B pod)
W-53 Warhead:
   SM-68B, LGM-25CTitan II

 

W-54

LANL

250 T (GAR-11)
10 T, 20 T (M388)
10 T - 1 kT (SAD M)

   GAR-11, AIM-26AFalcon
   M388 Projectile for M28/ M29Davy Crockett
   M129/ M159 SAD M

SAD M (Special Atomic Demolition Munition) was also known as B-54

W-55

LLNL

250 kT

   UUM-44ASubroc

Used "Kinglet" fission primary; some sources erroneously quote a low kiloton yield (1 - 5 kT)

W-56

LLNL

1.2 MT

   HSM-80B/F, LGM-30B/FMinuteman I/II (Mk.11 RV)

Nicknamed " Fife"; design based on W-47

M K-57

LANL

5 kT - 20 kT

  B-52Stratofortress
  F-100D/FSuper Sabre
  F-104C/GStarfighter
  F-105Thunderchief
  F/FB-111Aardvark
  F-4C/D/EPhantom II
  A3D-2, A-3BSkywarrior
  A4D-2/5, A-4B/C/E/J/ MSkyhawk
  A3J-1, A-5AVigilante
  A2F, A-6Intruder
  A-7Corsair II
  F/A-18Hornet
  P2V-5F/7, P-2E/HNeptune
  P-3Orion
  S2F-1/2/3/3S, S-2A/C/D/ETracker
  S-3Viking
  SH-3D/HSea King

Used W-44 "Tsetse" as fission primary

W-58

LLNL

200 kT

   UGM-27CPolaris A3

Used "Kinglet" fission primary (see W-55)

W-59

LANL

800 kT, 1.2 MT

   HSM-80A, LGM-30AMinuteman I (Mk.5 RV)
  [GAM-87, AGM-48Skybolt]

Used W-44 "Tsetse" as fission primary

[W-60]

LLNL

(low)

  [SAM-N-8, RIM-50Typhon LR]

 

B-61

LANL

10 kT - 300 kT (Mod 0/1/7)
10 kT - 150 kT (Mod 2/5)
300 T, 1.5 kT, 60 kT, 170 kT (Mod 3)
300 T, 1.5 kT, 10 kT, 45 kT (Mod 4)
300 T, 5 kT, 10 kT, 80 kT (Mod 10)
1.7 kT - 300 kT (Mod 11)

  B-52Stratofortress
  B-1BLancer
  B-2ASpirit
  F-100D/FSuper Sabre
  F-104C/GStarfighter
  F-105Thunderchief
  F/FB-111Aardvark
  F-117ANighthawk
  F-4C/D/EPhantom II
  F-15EEagle
  F-16Fighting Falcon
  A4D-2/5, A-4B/C/E/J/ MSkyhawk
  A2F, A-6Intruder
  A-7Corsair II
  F/A-18Hornet

Also known as MK/B-61

 

 

 

 

 

 

W-62

LLNL

170 kT

   LGM-30GMinuteman III (Mk.12 RV)
  [UGM-73Poseidon C3]

W-62 /Poseidon was cancelled in favour of W-68

[W-63]

LLNL

 

  [MGM-52Lance]

Enhanced Radiation ("Neutron Bomb") warhead; cancelled in favour of W-70

[W-64]

LANL

 

  [MGM-52Lance]

Enhanced Radiation ("Neutron Bomb") warhead; cancelled in favour of W-63

[W-65]

LLNL

 

  [LIM-100 (?) Sprint]

Enhanced Radiation ("Neutron Bomb") warhead; cancelled in favour of W-66

W-66

LANL

1 kT

   LIM-100 (?) Sprint

Enhanced Radiation ("Neutron Bomb") warhead

[W-67]

LANL

150 kT

  [LGM-30GMinuteman III]
  [UGM-73Poseidon]

Cancelled in favour of W-62 (Minuteman) and W-68 (Poseidon)

W-68

LLNL

40 kT - 50 kT

   UGM-73APoseidon C3

 

W-69

LANL

170 kT - 200 kT

   AGM-69ASRAM

 

W-70

LLNL

1 kT - 100 kT (Mod 0/1/2)
1 kT (Mod 3)

   MGM-52CLance

M od 3 is the Enhanced Radiation ("Neutron Bomb") version

W-71

LLNL

5 MT

   LIM-49ASpartan

 

W-72

LANL

625 T

   AGM-62WalleyeMK 6 MOD 0

M odified from retired W-54 warheads

[W-73]

LANL

 

  [ASM-N-11, AGM-53ACondor]

Derived from MK/B-61

[W-74]

LANL

> 100 T

  [155 mm Artillery Shell]

Cancelled in favour of W-82

[W-75]

LLNL

> 100 T

  [8" Artillery Shell]

Similar to W-74; cancelled in favour of W-79

W-76

LANL

90 kT - 100 kT

   UGM-96ATrident

 

[B-77]

LLNL

1 MT

 

Cancelled in favour of B-83

W-78

LANL

335 kT - 350 kT

   LGM-30GMinuteman III (Mk.12A RV)

Derived from W-50

W-79

LLNL

100 T - 1.1 kT (Mod 0)
100 T - 0.8 kT (Mod 1)

  X M753 8" Artillery Shell

M od 1 has Enhanced Radiation ("Neutron Bomb") option

W-80

LANL

5 kT - 200 kT (W-80-0)
5 kT - 150 kT (W-80-1)

   BGM/RGM/UGM-109ATomahawk (W-80-0)
   AGM-86BALCM (W-80-1)
   AGM-129AACM (W-80-1)

Derived from MK/B-61

[W-81]

LANL

3 kT - 4 kT

  [RIM-67Standard SM-2 (ER)]

Variant of MK/B-61

W-82

LLNL

< 2 kT

  X M785 155 mm Artillery Shell

Similar to W-79

B-83

LLNL

1.2 MT

  B-52Stratofortress
  B-1BLancer
  B-2ASpirit
  FB-111AAardvark

 

W-84

LLNL

200 T - 150 kT

   BGM-109GGryphon

Derived from MK/B-61 Mod 3/4

W-85

LANL

5 kT - 50 kT

   MGM-31CPershing II

Derived from MK/B-61 Mod 3/4; was recycled after retirement into B-61 Mod 10

[W-86]

LANL

 

  [MGM-31CPershing II]

Earth-penetrating warhead

W-87

LLNL

300 kT (W-87-0)
475 kT (W-87-1)

   LGM-118APeacekeeper (W-87-0)
  [MGM-134Midgetman (W-87-1)]

 

W-88

LANL

475 kT

   UGM-133ATrident II (Mk.5 RV)

 

[W-89]

LLNL

200 kT

  [RUM/UUM-125ASea Lance ASWSOW]
  [AGM-131ASRAM II]

 

[B-90]

LANL

200 kT

 

NDSB (Nuclear Depth/Strike Bomb)

[W-91]

LANL

10 kT, 100 kT

  [AGM-131BSRAM-T]

 

Sources

[1] Chuck Hansen: "Swords of Armageddon", 1995
[2] James N. Gibson: "Nuclear Weapons of the United States", Schiffer Publishing Ltd, 1996
[3] Stephen I. Schwartz (ed.): "Atomic Audit: The Costs and Consequences of U.S. Nuclear Weapons Since 1940", Brookings Institution Press, 1998

 

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